Measles Outbreak in MA
- Author: Joanne Flowers Мая 06, 2019,
Мая 06, 2019, 11:42
One of the top stocks to watch with news of the outbreak is Merck MRK., which provides the MMR (mumps, measles, rubella) vaccine.
But outbreaks have surfaced throughout the country over the past few months, affecting more than 700 people.
"As New York City does everything it can to end the measles outbreak, I am thankful that the Appellate Division has denied a request for a temporary restraining order", said Deputy Mayor for Health and Human Services Dr. Herminia Palacio.
As of Monday, 423 cases of measles have been confirmed in NY since the beginning of the outbreak in October, with 348 of the cases in Williamsburg, according to the Yeshiva World News.
But as vaccination rates have fallen in some communities and cases exploded, officials recently have taken more dramatic steps.
The CDC says that measles is a highly contagious disease.
Vaccines are essential for protecting children against infectious diseases such as measles, mumps, rubella and whooping cough.
People who received the vaccine between 1967 and 1989 also should check their measles immunity.
According to the Massachusetts Department of Public Health, measles spreads more easily than nearly any other infectious disease, carried by droplets from coughs, sneezes or even speech. One, however, is a telltale sign that someone has the disease.
Medical personnel may have to ramp up protocols for dealing with patients reporting vague symptoms like a rash or fever.
The recommendations for older adults are more complicated.
Unicef's analysis estimated that 169 million children around the world missed out on the first dose of the measles vaccine between 2010 and 2017 - an average of 21.1 million a year. Fans bring the enthusiasm, but also the chance for measles. About one child out of 1,000 can develop encephalitis (swelling of the brain, which can lead to convulsions and even leave a child deaf). A similar proportion will die from the infection. "So, people don't do the vaccinations like they were". An additional dose of MMR vaccine is not harmful, officials say. Officials say 44 of those people caught the disease while traveling to another country, according to The Associated Press. "Many schools, colleges, and universities required students to get a second dose before they enrolled".
Children under the age of 5 are not the only ones who should be concerned about immunity. They appear two or three days before people break out in a rash.
How this works out is that 93% to 95% of the population must be immune to prevent a single case of measles from spreading.
Every outbreak since elimination was declared has eventually fizzled out, as the virus hit the wall of herd immunity, keeping the elimination status of the US intact. But below that threshold, the virus can gain a foothold and spread among vulnerable members of a population. Some of them triggered USA outbreaks, mostly among people who are not vaccinated, the AP reports. What's the difference between eliminating and eradicating a disease? Had I not been vaccinated, I might have had a more severe disease.
"I'm horrified by the current outbreaks of measles - a disease we thought we had eliminated in the United States in 2000".