What will and won't be affected by the shutdown

The last government shutdown in October 2013 lasted more than two weeks and more than 800,000 federal employees were furloughed.

"It's a travesty, of course, because these shutdowns do nothing to help the country". The cost of maintaining park sites is about $100,000 per week, officials said.

By sifting federal employees into pools of "essential" and "nonessential" work, the shutdown can also have a psychological effect, Connolly said.

Tony Reardon, president of the National Treasury Employees Union, which represents 150,000 federal workers at more than 30 agencies, said Friday afternoon that "our employees right now at this late hour are still waiting to get their notices".

Financial oversight: The stock market-policing Securities and Exchange Commission said it will remain open and fully staffed for a limited number of days, adding that its shutdown plan was focused "on the market integrity and investor protection components of our mission". Postal workers will deliver mail. Super Bowl preparations will continue.

Democratic Senator Claire McCaskill introduced the No Government No Pay Act of 2018 Friday to withhold the pay of Congress members during a government shutdown.

Since the budget process was overhauled in 1974, there have been 18 government shutdowns.

In order to wrap our heads around this shutdown, we must be able to answer questions such as: What is a government shutdown? Science The National Weather Service would keep forecasting weather. Federal agencies communicated their plans to employees and the media alike. Then, over 60 percent of federal employees continued to work. They're deemed essential, just like the Federal Bureau of Investigation and Border Patrol. Several DHS agencies, including Immigration and Customs Enforcement, are involved in Super Bowl security, along with the Federal Bureau of Investigation. However active-duty troops may not get paid until the budget impasse is resolved and death benefits to survivors won't be processed.

Government activities that rely on annual appropriations are most likely to be affected. The employees classified as "essential" continue to work during the shutdown. The spending bill makes up the federal budget or the continuing resolutions that spread federal spending beyond the fiscal year.

Others said that even if they are paid, the possibility of going weeks until the shutdown ends and that paycheck arrives would disrupt their personal finances.

One thing that is unique to this shutdown fight, however, is the party control of Congress and the White House. Other activities that may stop if the shutdown lasts more than a few days include the processing of applications for passports and visas; new enrollments in experimental treatments under the National Institutes for Health; and the maintenance of US government websites, including ones used by businesses and researchers. The people in the private sector who run restaurants and coffee shops and other small businesses that serve federal employees and contractors will see sales drop, and their employees who are sent home will not get paid or get back-pay.

A major sticking-point for Democrats is the status of immigrants under the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals program, who were brought to the United States illegally as minors and shielded from deportation. The program expires in March. The CR that could be considered Thursday would fund the government through February 16. It did not address DACA.

Republicans tried to make the bill more attractive by attaching it to the bill a six-year funding extension for the Children's Health Insurance Program that provides low-priced health care for minors whose families must meet certain income requirements. The last, in December, was to fund the government until Jan 19.

Five Republicans voted against the bill while five Democrats broke ranks to support it.

"Real leaders take responsibility". They control the Senate.

That is up to the Congress and White House. Voters don't like government shutdownsPolling shows that voters generally oppose the prospect of a government shutdown, and shutdowns that do happen can damage Americans' view of government as a whole.

"The dollars and cents of federal spending matter, but [the problem] was really the impact on confidence due to the uncertainty", said Mark Zandi, chief economist for Moody's Analytics.

  • Arturo Norris