PM Narendra Modi in Ahmedabad Airport to Receive Shinzo Abe

In their annual defence dialogue last week, the two countries had resolved to collaborate closely in defence production, including on dual-use technologies.

"As to the railway cooperation, it is part of the practical cooperation between India and China". Both the premiers also recognised the potential for deeper bilateral cooperation and synergy between the Indian policy and the Japanese strategy. While these have so far not produced much in concrete terms, the initial conversations suggest significant possibilities.

"It is important for us to place a higher level of pressure on North Korea than ever before and make it change its policies.I think the worldwide community has been able to coordinate, unite and show a clear resolve to do that", Abe told reporters at his office following the vote on Monday in NY. Japan's advanced aircraft industries offer yet another possibility. In return, India will obtain increased Japanese technological support for Indian naval projects. Development of submarines is significant although India is yet to take it up with Japan.

Unbeknown to most Japanese is the North Korea-Pakistan axis of nuclear and missile proliferation, even from the time of Pakistani nuclear scientist A.Q. Khan.

Japan has remained a key strategic partner for India.

"PM @AbeShinzo & I will attend the programme to mark the start of work of India's first high-speed rail project between Ahmedabad & Mumbai".

Japan is providing the loan for this project at an interest rate of 0.1 per cent, and the repayment will begin only after 15 years.

Japan is among those select few nations with which India has a summit meet every year.

Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) and the Union Railway Ministry have already inked a Memorandum of Understanding for the 508-km corridor, with Japan to partially fund the entire project. Instead, Japanese companies like Hitachi, Toshiba, Mitsubishi and numerous smaller nuclear companies are being invited to invest and provide support services for designing, building and operating reactors to Indian companies.

Japan is the oldest democracy of Asia and post 2012, the journey of Japan has many lessons for the largest democracy of Asia - India.

Japan PM Shinzo arrives in Gujarat's Ahmedabad. It is one of the payoffs of the increasingly close India-Japan multi-faceted relationship.

The India-Japan-US trilateral Malabar Naval exercise is paving the ground for greater military cooperation.

  • Leroy Wright