Rohingya refugees fleeing Myanmar near 40000

There are approximately 1.1 million Muslim Rohingyas in Myanmar, whom many consider the world's most persecuted minority.

The ARSA emerged as a force in October a year ago when their attacks killed Myanmar border police, prompting a crackdown by security forces that killed scores and forced 87,000 people to flee to Bangladesh.

Hundreds of Rohingyas are still stranded at the Naf river along the border with Bangladesh.

The Myanmar government said its security forces are carrying out clearance operations in northern Rakhine to defend the country against "extremist terrorists".

Numerous victims are quite traumatised, added Sahany.

On Thursday the UN Special Rapporteur on human rights in Myanmar, Yanghee Lee, said the "worsening cycle of violence" in Rakhine was of "grave concern and must be broken urgently".

Thousands of Rohingyas, who fled their homes in the violence-hit state, are waiting on the borders to seek shelter in Bangladesh.

The rag-tag unit has a real fight on its hands against Myanmar's well-equipped army, which has been offered military help from Bangladesh to root out rebels near the border.

ARSA is believed to receive funding from the Rohingya diaspora and donors in Saudi Arabia, as well as other parts of the Middle East, ICG says.

Scores of people are reported to have died since Rohingya militants attacked police posts on 25 August. The Myanmar army has said it was battling insurgents who continued to ambush government forces, blaming them for setting fires to the villages.

Bangladeshi border guards have recovered two dozen bodies from the country's shore in the last two days.

The latest attacks by Arsa - deemed a terrorist organisation by the Myanmar government - came just hours after an advisory commission led by former United Nations secretary general Kofi Annan had announced its recommendations on how to help solve long running tensions in Rakhine.

Zahid Hossain Siddique, Upazila Nirbahi Officer of Teknaf, said he heard 17 people were dead after the boats capsize.

The influx was triggered by a dramatic escalation in violence between the security forces and the insurgents.

"All of these are happening in front of eyes of all humankind but unfortunately humankind is insensitive to them", he said.

This August 29, 2017 photo shows an elderly Rohingya refugee holding her sleeping grandson in her lap at the Kutupalong refugee camp in Ukhiya, after crossing the border from Myanmar into Bangladesh. The refugees largely live in camps in dire conditions.

The latest round of fighting came after a Rohingya militant group attacked military outposts. The council didn't issue any statement as a whole, but British Ambassador Matthew Rycroft said members condemned the violence and called on all the parties involved to de-escalate tensions.

  • Leroy Wright