India's Most Powerful Home-Made Rocket To Launch Today: 10 Facts

In a further advance of its space programme with this successful launch, India has managed to win a bigger share of the $300 billion global space industry.

India's heaviest rocket GSLV MKIII-D1 carrying communication satellite GSAT-19 launched from Sriharikota on Monday.

ISRO Chairman A S Kiran Kumar said the mission is important as "it was the heaviest ever rocket and satellite to be launched from the country".

"This month there are lot of activities".

The GSAT-19 satellite, which was Monday's payload.

India successfully launched its heaviest-ever rocket on Monday which it hopes will eventually be able to carry astronauts into space, a feat that only Russian Federation, the United States and China have achieved, its space agency said.

"The cryogenic engine performed flawlessly". The GSAT 19, with a lift-off mass of 3,136 kg, is the communication satellite of India, an official note said. The GSLV Mark III version took over one-and-a-half decades of work with investments of around ₹300-350 crore. Its first stage is made of two straps on motors filled with solid fuel.

"The rocket's design carrying capacity is four tonnes".

"The successful launch of the indigenously developed heavy lift space vehicle, including the cryogenic stage, demonstrates India's ability to launch large payloads and opens up the possibility of increased space exploration and its utilization for the benefit of humanity", he said.

Kumar said the next flight of GSLV Mk III will happen within a year. The GSLV Mk-III D1 is a three-stage vehicle with indigenous cryogenic upper stage engine created to carry heavier communication satellites into the GTO.

"The new rocket may be slightly short but has more punch power", said an ISRO official.

With this India will be in the elite club of launching a heavy satellite. However the weight of third party satellites is not much. The GSLV-Mk III's maiden voyage brought its satellite into a geosynchronous transfer orbit above Earth's equator-a high Earth orbit that allows a satellite to sync up with Earth's rotation. It will reduce India's dependency on foreign space agencies to put its heavier satellites in space leading to huge savings, it can over time make it possible to send manned missions and enhance deep space exploration capabilities.

A multi-beam satellite, the GSAT-19 carries Ka and Ku band forward and return link transponders and geostationary radiation spectrometer (GRASP), as per the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO).

  • Leroy Wright