Andrew Scheer becomes Canada's Conservative leader

Erin O'Toole was in third place followed by Brad Trost.

If no candidate receives more than 50% of the vote on the first count, the last-place contender is eliminated and his or her supporters' second choices are counted.

The majority however is not achieved in votes but in points.

He edged out former Foreign Minister Maxime Bernier, who was considered a strong frontrunner throughout the year-long race, by less than one percentage point. Much like Trump, Bernier embraced the use of memes during his the campaign, and garnered the support of prominent Canadian libertarian commentators such as Lauren Southern. Many in Quebec benefit from Canada's statist agricultural policy of supply management, which Bernier seeks to abolish.

Mr Harper held together the right-of-centre federal party for a decade, winning three consecutive elections between 2006 and 2011.

No candidate finished with more than 50 per cent of the vote after 10 rounds.

O'Leary dropped out of the race abruptly last month but was too late to have his name removed from the ballot.

Though voting has been underway for weeks and most ballots had already been cast - the victor will be announced Saturday night - some candidates still used their speeches Friday to make last-minute plays for votes. But the leadership convention's ranked ballot system made polls hard to read ahead of the vote, and left the possibility of a last-minute upset.

But Scheer tried in his speech, as he did throughout the long Conservative leadership campaign, to cast that as a political virtue.

Screen capture of Tory attack ad on Liberals from “Stephane Dion is not a leader”
Screen capture of Tory attack ad on Liberals from “Stephane Dion is not a leader”

After a year of campaigning, he defeated 12 other hopefuls at a suspenseful party meeting outside Toronto.

He's at 31 per cent (according to Mainstreet's polling of Conservative members) of the vote.Party officials did meet with Elections Canada and turned over all the material from their internal membership review but the office of the elections commissioner won't say whether it is formally investigating the matter.

Scheer said he would, if he becomes prime minister, withhold federal grants from universities that, in his view, don't allow free debate-a popular stance among Conservatives who see campuses as rife with "political correctness".

"It makes one wonder about the more extreme agenda that the party is bringing forward with these leadership candidates and what they have to hide".

"When the dust settles, my team is going to give me a list of everyone who was with me from day one - the people who supported and donated to my campaign".

That went over big with the Conservative crowd at a convention centre near Pearson International Airport.

"I think the party should probably do a post-mortem after this leadership. just to make sure the process by which we're selecting the leader is something that was really well-supported by the membership", said the Calgary Nose Hill MP.

Deepak Obhrai, Andrew Saxton, Rick Peterson, Kevin O'Leary, Chris Alexander, Steven Blaney and Lisa Raitt were some of the earliest casualties as early-ballot results were announced, while Kellie Leitch, Pierre Lemieux and Michael Chong fell off in subsequent rounds.

Candidates were scored not by votes, but by points: every riding in the country was allocated 100 points, and each candidate received a number of points depending on their share of votes in that riding.

  • Zachary Reyes